Game Development Reference
In-Depth Information
Inkscape is the most nearly complete open-
source SVG authoring tool. It is a monster, with
many features, yet it is incomplete and missing
such basic functions as a timeline view. There has
been discussion since 2004 about producing an
easy-to-use version for children “Kidscape”, but
no product has been launched.
A final substantive concern is the failure to
agree a single run time environment. Modularity
has ensured that authors have little way of know-
ing what services are available, which has in part
contributed to the success of Flash.
The organisation of W3C into multiple stan-
dards working groups, breaks up the problem of
communication into parts, but fails to look after
the whole; to borrow John Wilbanks expression,
the micro-specialization guild culture has lead to
significant long-term problems that are, and unless
addressed will remain, fundamental. Connectivity
between working groups is currently provided by
liaison people (representatives of external bodies
who participate in W3C groups), Coordination
Groups (the forums for chairs of related working
groups), and cross-domain working groups such
as TAG & PF, amongst others.
Is W3C operating in the public interest, or if
not; is it rather than a consortium, merely a cartel?
Who provides the checks and balances? Who
represents the interests of the public?
(2003) and the Digital Economy Bill currently
before parliament.
Ofcom has published a range of useful reports
relating to Media Literacy (2010). But, are these
reports and others, being incorporated into the
development of tomorrow's web standards?
Ofcom is the regulator for the UK commu-
nications industries. Ofcom's statutory duties
(Communications Act, 2003) include:
3(1) It shall be the principal duty of Ofcom,
in carrying out their functions; (a) to further the
interests of citizens in relation to communica-
tions matters; and (b) to further the interests of
consumers in relevant markets, where appropri-
ate by promoting competition(Communications
Act, 2003)
Yet, whilst Ofcom is mandated to regulate
Internet Service Providers, it is not currently
mandated to regulate the Internet itself.
The Competition Commission investigates
inquiries from Ofcom and others. “The Competi-
tion Commission is one of the independent public
bodies which help ensure healthy competition
between companies in the UK for the benefits of
companies, customers and the economy.” (Role
of the CC, 2010) The Competition Commission
replaced the Monopolies and Mergers Commis-
sion in 1999. It has current inquiries into over one
hundred industries, including Newspapers, Radio
and Television, but not the Internet.
Governments may monitor extreme web
content such as serious fraud, paedophilia and
terrorism, and many states require the websites
of public bodies to meet accessibility standards,
but we may need far greater intervention, not
necessarily to regulate the market, but rather to
improve communication.
There is much concern about copyright in-
fringement and the losses being incurred by art-
ists and their publishers, but relatively little that
safeguards consumers interests. The first copyright
legislation was introduced in 1710 to limit the
monopoly of the Stationers' Company of London.
When one contrasts this fact with the size and
The State, the Internet and Copyright
We expect government to oversee issues regarding
the public good, monopolies, copyright and the
like, and the UK Government's Digital Britain
Report (2009) “introduces policies to maximize
the social and economic benefits from digital tech-
nologies.” Yet, does not mention such important
aspects of the web as content, content providers,
browsers, authoring tools, the standards bodies
such as W3C, their processes or the standards and
specifications they produce. Neither does other
UK legislation including the Communication Act
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